In 1823, Rochesterville consisted of 1,012 acres (4 km) and 2,500 residents, and the Village of Rochesterville became known as Rochester.
Also in 1823, the Erie Canal aqueduct over the Genesee River was completed, and the Erie Canal east to the Hudson River was opened.
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This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County.
The Rochester area has been the birthplace to Kodak, Western Union, Bausch & Lomb, Gleason and Xerox, which conduct extensive research and manufacturing of industrial and consumer products.
Until 2010, the Rochester metropolitan area was the second-largest regional economy in New York State, after the New York City metropolitan area. Development of Rochester followed the American Revolution, and forced cession of their territory by the Iroquois after the defeat of Great Britain.
Allied with the British, four major Iroquois tribes were forced out of New York. (1761–1839), all of Hagerstown, Maryland, purchased a 100-acre (ca.
As a reward for their loyalty to the British Crown, they were given a large land grant on the Grand River in Canada. 40 ha) tract from the state in Western New York along the Genesee River.
They would be the dominant cultural group in Rochester for over a century. Beginning in 1811, and with a population of 15, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts.
In the early 20th century, after the advent of railroads, the presence of the canal in the center city was an obstacle; it was re-routed south of Rochester.
By 1830, Rochester's population was 9,200 and in 1834, it was re-chartered as a city.
For the town in Ulster County, see Rochester, Ulster County, New York.
For the metropolitan area, see Rochester, New York metropolitan area.(left to right, top to bottom) the Eastman Theater at the Eastman School of Music; First Federal Plaza building; Xerox, Legacy (formerly Bausch & Lomb), and Metropolitan (formerly Chase) towers; Downtown Rochester skyline; Rush Rhees Library at the University of Rochester; Sacred Heart cathedral; row houses in the Grove Place neighborhood) is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in western New York.