Governor Lumpkin, on the other hand, is said to have maintained that the city's new name was yet another tribute to his daughter, whose middle name was Atalanta, although this story appears to be to 9,554 people and was already the fourth largest city in the state.
Public buildings, selected commercial enterprises, industries (including the Winship Foundry and the Atlanta Gas Light Company, which were operated by Union sympathizers), military installations, and blacksmith shops were also targeted.
Sherman and his troops moved closer on their Atlanta campaign.
From July 20 to August 25 Atlanta was subjected to a withering aerial bombardment.
In the process a number of civilians were killed, and property and buildings in the city were badly damaged.
On September 2, 1864, Sherman's troops captured the city, and the remaining residents (about 3,500 people, according to one estimate) were ordered to evacuate.